Coprinellus micaceus

Scientific name:  Coprinellus micaceus (Bull.) Vilgalys,
Hopple & Jacq. Johnson
Derivation of name:  Micaceus means "glistening" and
describes the shiny particles on the cap.
SynonymsCoprinus micaceus (Bulliard:Fries) Fries
Common name(s):  Mica cap.
Phylum:   Basidiomycota
Order:   Agaricales
Family:   Psathyrellaceae
Occurrence on wood substrate:  Saprobic; densely clustered
around stumps, wood debris, at the base of standing dead or
dying trees or in grassy areas from buried wood; April through
October.  
Dimensions:  Caps 2-5 cm wide; stipes 2.5-8 cm tall and 2-5
mm thick.   
Cap:  Reddish-brown to tawny to ochre-brown, becoming
grayish particularly near the margin; surface covered by
glistening granules that are soon lost; cap radially lined almost
to the center.        
Gills: Attached to nearly free; white, becoming black and inky
with age but not entirely dissolving. 
Spore print: Black.
Stipe: White
Veil: Absent.
Edibility: Edible.
Comments:
DNA studies (see Redhead, S. A., et al.
2001
) radically revised the taxonomy of Coprinus. The
genus Coprinus was divided into several new genera
and the family Coprinaceae no longer exists.

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Figure 1. A clump of mica cap. Photo © Pam Kaminski.


Figure 2. Older specimens become grayish. The woody
debris these specimens are growing on is mostly obscured
by the fallen leaves. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 3. This clump of mica caps was growing on a log in
a wood pile but the fallen leaves obscured the connection
of the mushrooms to the wood. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 4. The clump of mica caps in Figure 2 with the
leaves removed. Not only is the substrate revealed
but also the elongation of the stems to position the caps
above the leaves. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 5. The caps are conspicuously striate. Photo ©
William Roody.


Figure 6. The gills of the mature specimens on the left are
partially auto-digested into an inky fluid. Photo © Larry
Grand.


Figure 7. The glistening mica-like particles are visible on
these young specimens. Photo © David Work.


Figure 8. Mica-like granules on an older specimen.
Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 9. The mica-like granules on the cap surface are the
remnants of a universal veil. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 10. The mica-like particles quickly fall away with
age or may be washed off by rain. They are often not very
evident on older specimens. Photo © Gary Emberger.

 

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