Flammulina velutipes

Scientific name:   Flammulina velutipes (Curtis) Singer
Derivation of name:  Velut- means "velvet" or "velvety"
and refers to the velvety stipe.
Synonyms:  Agaricus velutipes Curtis; Collybia velutipes
(Curtis) P. Kumm.
Common name(s):  Velvet foot; Winter mushroom.
Phylum:   Basidiomycota
Order:   Agaricales
Family:   Physalacriaceae
Occurrence on wood substrate:  Saprobic; fruiting in
clusters on deciduous trees, logs, and stumps; October
through May, winter during winter thaws, summer cold
Dimensions:  Caps 2.5-5 cm wide; stipes 2.5-7.5 cm long
and 3-5 mm thick.   
Cap:  Slimy to tacky; smooth; reddish-brown to tawny,
darker in the center.        
Gills:  Attached; whitish to yellowish.
Spore print: White.
Stipe: Yellowish at the top, becoming darker toward the
base due to dense, velvet-brown pubescence.
Veil: Absent.
Edibility: Edible.
Comments: This mushroom is cultivated in the Orient as
Enotake or Enoki-take. The commercial product is
strikingly different than the form found in the wild.

More information at MushroomExpert.com:
More information at TomVolkFungi.net:

Figure 1.  A cluster on wood. Even in this photograph the
caps look sticky. Note the dark velvety lower stipes.
Photo © Pam Kaminski.

Figure 2. Another cluster on wood. Compared to Figure 1.
these specimens show some of the cap color variation.
Photo © William Roody.

Figure 3. The gills of Flammulina velutipes are whitish
to yellowish. Photo © Al Simpson.

Figure 4. Enotake or Enoki-take. Photo © Gary Emberger.

Figure 5. Enoki package of Figure 4 opened. I bet you're
wondering why the cultivated form looks so different. The
answer is available at Tom Volk's web site.
Photo © Gary Emberger.

Figure 6. Enoki caps and gills. Photo © Gary Emberger.

Figure 7. The pale, elongated Enoki-like specimens of
Flammulina velutipes in the bottom half of the photograph
were revealed when the bark they were growing under was
removed. Photo © Cecily Franklin.


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