Scientific name: Flammulina velutipes (Curtis) Singer
Derivation of name: Velut- means "velvet" or "velvety"
and refers to the velvety stipe.
Synonyms: Agaricus velutipes Curtis; Collybia velutipes
(Curtis) P. Kumm.
Common name(s): Velvet foot; Winter mushroom.
Occurrence on wood substrate: Saprobic; fruiting in
clusters on deciduous trees, logs, and stumps; October
through May, winter during winter thaws, summer cold
Dimensions: Caps 2.5-5 cm wide; stipes 2.5-7.5 cm long
and 3-5 mm thick.
Cap: Slimy to tacky; smooth; reddish-brown to tawny,
darker in the center.
Gills: Attached; whitish to yellowish.
Spore print: White.
Stipe: Yellowish at the top, becoming darker toward the
base due to dense, velvet-brown pubescence.
Comments: This mushroom is cultivated in the Orient as
Enotake or Enoki-take. The commercial product is
different than the form found in the wild.
More information at MushroomExpert.com:
More information at TomVolkFungi.net:
Figure 1. A cluster on wood. Even in this photograph the
caps look sticky. Note the dark velvety lower stipes.
Photo © Pam Kaminski.
Figure 2. Another cluster on wood. Compared to Figure 1.
these specimens show some of the cap color variation.
Photo © William Roody.
Figure 3. The gills of Flammulina velutipes are whitish
to yellowish. Photo © Al Simpson.
Figure 4. Enotake or Enoki-take. Photo © Gary Emberger.
Figure 5. Enoki package of Figure 4 opened.
I bet you're
why the cultivated form looks so different. The
available at Tom Volk's web site.
Photo © Gary Emberger.
Figure 6. Enoki caps and gills. Photo © Gary Emberger.
Figure 7. The pale, elongated Enoki-like specimens of
Flammulina velutipes in the
bottom half of the photograph
were revealed when the
bark they were growing under was
removed. Photo © Cecily Franklin.