Stropharia rugosoannulata

Scientific name:  Stropharia rugosoannulata Farl.
ex Murrill
Derivation of name:   Rugos- means "wrinkle" or "fold"
and annul- means "ring" (annulus). Rugosoannulata
describes the wrinkled ring of this mushroom.
Synonyms:  
Common name(s):  Wine-cap; Burgundy-cap; Wine-cap
Stropharia; Wine-red Stropharia.
Phylum:   Basidiomycota
Order:   Agaricales
Family:   Strophariaceae
Occurrence on wood substrate:  Saprobic; scattered or in
groups on wood chips, mulch, gardens, woodland borders;
May through October.  
Dimensions:  Caps 5-15 cm wide; stipes 7-20 cm long and
1-3 cm thick.   
Cap:  Dry; smooth, cracked in age; reddish-brown to
reddish-purple, fading to pale brown or grayish-white.
Gills: Attached; white at first, turning grayish-lilac to purple-
black with maturity.
Spore print: Purple-brown to purple-black.
Stipe: Whitish, discoloring yellow to brown; with white
rhizomorphs at base.
Veil: White; radially striate or grooved on the upper surface,
deeply segmented below; forming a persistent, membranous
ring on the upper stalk.
Edibility: Edible.
Comments: Sometimes called King Stropharia and grown
commercially in Europe. Miller states that it is not found in
natural habitats in North America.
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More information at MushroomExpert.com:   

    

Figure 1. Young wine-cap stropharia with intense coloration.
Photo © Pam Kaminski.


Figure 2. Grayish-lilac gills. Photo © William Roody.


Figure 3. Young, maturing, and older (with cracks on cap)
specimens of Stropharia rugosoannulata. Photo © John
Plischke III.


Figure 4. The ring is a prominent feature of this species.
Note the striate upper surface and the segmented lower
surface. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 5. The striate or grooved upper side of the annulus.
Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 6. The lower surface of the ring to the left and the
upper surface on the right. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 7. Note the white rhizomorphs at the base of the stalk.
Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 8. Time and sun take their toll on the wine-cap
stropharia as these faded and cracked specimens show.
Note the all-so-common wood chip mulch habitat.
Photo © Gary Emberger.

 

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