Minor Requirements


Accounting Minor (18 credits) - Department of Management and Business

[ACCT 141] Financial Accounting (3)

[ACCT 142] Managerial Accounting (3)

[ACCT 301] Intermediate Accounting I (3)

One of the following:

[ACCT 247] Basic Income Tax (3)

[ACCT 347] Federal Income Tax I (3)

Six credits ACCT electives (6)

All students must pass the department-administered Computer Competency Exam as part of the minor requirements.


Adventure Education Minor (19-21 credits) - Department of Health and Human Performance

[ADED 137] Ropes and Initiatives (1)

[ADED 139] Wilderness Encounter (3)

[ADED 180] Wilderness First Responder Module (1)

[ADED 188] Ropes and Initiatives Facilitation (1)

[ADED 250] Introduction to Recreation & Adventure Education (3)

[ADED 301] Leadership, Facilitation, & Group Dynamics (3)

[ADED 351] Programming & Trip Design (3)

[ATED 180] First Aid and Emergency Care (3)

One of the following:

[ADED 114] Canoeing (1)

[ADED 181] Caving (1)

[ADED 182] Rock Climbing (1)

[ADED 251] Wilderness Education Association Certification Course (3)


African-American Religion and Culture Minor (18 credits) - Department of Biblical and Religious Studies

[ENGL 356] African-American Literature (3)

[HIST 352] African-American History Since 1865 (3)

[THEO 207] African-American Theology (3)

[THEO 487] Seminar in Theology and Religion: African-American Religion (3)

Six hours of approved electives - possible courses include:

[RELI 329] Christianity in Africa (3)

[EDUC 246] Socio-Cultural Perspectives on Education (3)

Approved Temple University course on African-American culture (3)


Anthropology Minor (18 credits) - Department of Sociology and Social Work

[ANTH 101] Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3)

[ANTH 221] Native American Cultures (3)

[ANTH 325] Ethnographic Fieldwork (3)

Nine additional credits from the following:

[ANTH 325] Ethnographic Fieldwork (3) (up to 6 hours)

[ANTH 382] Topics in Anthropology (3) (up to 6 hours)

[ANTH 391] Anthropology Practicum (3)

[LING 309] Linguistics (3)

Interdisciplinary Studies Courses (up to 9 hours of courses to be approved by anthropology minor advisor)


Art History Minor (18 credits) - Department of Visual Arts

[ARTH 150] Art History I: Ancient through Medieval Art (3)

[ARTH 151] History II: Renaissance through Contemporary Art (3)

[ARTH 261] Art Historical Methodologies and Theories (3)

Nine additional art history credits approved by the advisor (9)


Athletic Training Minor (19-20 credits) - Department of Health and Human Performance

[ATED 102] Introduction to Athletic Training (1)

[ATED 180] First Aid/Emergency Care (3)

One of the following:

[ATED 136] Prevention & Risk Management (3) AND

[ATED 137] Prevention & Risk Management Lab (1)

[HPE 236] Medical Aspects of Sport (3)

[ATED 231] Injury Assessment I (Lower Extremeties) (2)

[ATED 232] Injury Assessment II (Upper Extremeties) (2)

[ATED 335] Therapeutic Exercise (4)

[ATED 337] Therapeutic Modalities and Treatment Techniques (4)


Bible Minor (18 credits) - Department of Biblical and Religious Studies

[BIBL 231] Old Testament Literature (3)

[BIBL 235] New Testament Literature (3)

Six credits of 300-level BIBL courses (6)

Six additional credits of BIBL courses, excluding [BIBL 201] , [BIBL 202] , [BIBL 203] , or [BIBL 204] (6)


Biology Minor (20 credits) - Department of Biological Sciences

[BIOL 150] Biology I (4)

[BIOL 151] Biology II (2)

[BIOL 152] Biology III (4)

Ten credits of BIOL courses approved for the Biology major (10)


Biology Minor for Environmental Science Majors (18 credits) - Department of Biological Sciences

Two of the following Integrative Biology courses:

[BIOL 313] Developmental Biology (3)

[BIOL 385] Physiology (4)

[BIOL 386] Human Anatomy (4)

[BIOL 387] Neuroscience (3)

[BIOL 418] Introduction to Immunology (4)

Two of the following Cellular Biology courses:

[BIOL 381] Microbiology (4)

[BIOL 382] Microbiology for Health Professions (4)

[BIOL 412] Cell Biology (4)

[BIOL 413] Molecular Biology (4)

[CHEM 410] , [CHEM 411] Biochemistry I, Biochemistry Lab (3, 1)

Two to four credits of BIOL (or other) courses approved for the Biology major (2-4)


Brethren in Christ Studies (21 credits) - Department of Biblical and Religious Studies

[THEO 209] Anabaptist Theology (3)

[THEO 211] Brethren in Christ Life and Thought (3)

[THEO 217] Wesleyan/Holiness Theology (3)

[THEO 238] Christian Theology I: God and Humanity (3)

[THEO 239] Christian Theology II: Nature and Mission of the Church (3)

[BIBL 291] Issues of War, Peace and Social Justice in Biblical Texts (3)

[RELI 491] or [THEO 491] Independent Study (3)


Broadcasting (18 credits) - Department of Communication

One of the following:

[COMM 211] Media in Everyday Life (3)

[COMM 212] Christianity and Media Culture (3)

[COMM 218] Mass Media and Society (3)

[COMM 323] Radio Production and Performance (4)

[COMM 341] Communication Theory (3)

Five credits selected from the following:

[COMM 247] Writing for Mass Media (3)

One of the following:

[ENGL 126] From Script to Screen (3)

[ENGL 324] From Fiction to Cinema (3)

[INTE 394] Internship (4 - 9)*

[COMM 391] Communications Practicum (1 - 3)*

*No more than three (3) total credits from [INTE 394] and [COMM 391] may be applied to the minor.


Business Administration Minor (19 credits) - Department of Management and Business

[ACCT 141] Financial Accounting (3)

[BIS 230] Computers Applications (3)*

[BUSA 102] Opportunities in Business (1)

[ECON 110] Economics of Social Issues (3)

[HRM 120] Principles of Management (3)

[MRKT 230] Marketing Principles (3)

Three credit elective from ACCT, BIS, BUSA, ECON, HRM, IBUS, LEAD, or MRKT except BIS 130 (3)

*All students must pass the department-administered Computer Competency Exam prior to enrolling in [BIS 230] . Students who do not pass the Computer Competency Exam may enroll in [BIS 130] Introduction to Computers.

Business Information Systems Minor (18 credits) - Department of Management and Business

[BIS 230] Computer Applications (3)*

[BIS 381] Information Systems and Managers (3)

[BIS 411] Systems Analysis and Design Concepts (3)

Three of the following:

[BIS 251] Hardware and Software (3)

[BIS 333] Business Systems Applications (3)

[BIS 343] Introduction to E-Commerce (3)

[BIS 401] Webmasters and Servers (3)

[BIS 402] Applied Networks and Telecommunications (3)

[BIS 412] Systems Analysis and Design Applications (3)

[BIS 490] Topics in Information Systems (3)

[COSC 181] Computer Programming I (3)

*All students must pass the department-administered Computer Competency Exam prior to enrolling in BIS 230. Students who do not pass the Computer Competency Exam may enroll in BIS 130 Introduction to Computers.


Chemistry Minor (22 credits) - Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry

[CHEM 105] General Chemistry I (4)

[CHEM 106] General Chemistry II (4)

One of the following options:

[CHEM 204] Introduction to Organic Chemistry (4)

[CHEM 309] , [CHEM 310] Organic Chemistry I, II (8)

Six to ten credits CHEM courses approved for the Chemistry major except [CHEM 495] (6-10)

NOTE: [CHEM 410] , [CHEM 411] , and [CHEM 412] cannot be counted in both the Biology Major and the Chemistry Minor.


Children and Youth Services Minor (19 credits) - Department of Human Development and Family Science

[HDFS 101] Foundations of Marriage and Family (3)

[HDFS 310] Child Development (3)

[HDFS 311] Adolescent Development (3)

Internship (4)

9 credits of electives from the following list:

[HDFS 171] Intro to Social Research (3)

[HDFS 242] Parenting (3)

[HDFS 253] Community Services for Individuals and Families (3)

* [HDFS 382] Topics in HDFS (3)

[HDFS 391] Family Service Practicum (3)

[HDFS 491] Independent Study (3.)

[THEA 261] Theatre for Young Audiences (3)

[EDUC 223] Multicultural Literature for Children and Adolescents (3)

[EDUC 226] Children’s Literature (3)

[ECE 212] Language Development (3)

[CHRM 235] Youth Ministries I (3)

* [PSYC 382] Topics in Psychology (3)

* [SOCI 382] Topics in Sociology (3)

* [SOWK 382] Topics in Social Work (3)

*Departmental Topics and other possible courses must be approved by the Chair of the Department of HDFS

Children and Youth Services Minor for Human Development and Family Science Majors (19 credits) - Department of Human Development and Family Science

[HDFS 101] Foundations of Marriage and Family (3)

[HDFS 310] Child Development (3)

Internship (4)

9 credits of electives from the following list:

* [HDFS 382] Topics in Human Development and Family Science (3)

[HDFS 391] Family Service Practicum (3)

[HDFS 491] Independent Study (3)

[THEA 261] Theatre for Young Audiences (3)

[EDUC 223] Multicultural Literature for Children and Adolescents (3)

[EDUC 226] Children’s Literature (3)

[ECE 212] Language Development (3)

[CHRM 235] Youth Ministries I (3)

* [PSYC 382] Topics in Psychology (3)

* [SOCI 382] Topics in Sociology (3)

* [SOWK 382] Topics in Social Work (3)

*Departmental Topics and other possible courses must be approved by the Chair of the Department of Human Development and Family Science


Christian Ministries Minor (21 credits) - Department of Biblical and Religious Studies

[CHRM 099] Opportunities in Christian Ministries (1)

One of the following:

[CHRM 210] Theology of Ministry (3)

[CHRM 220] Introduction to Christian Mission (3)

[CHRM 225] Field Experience in Christian Ministries (2)

[THEO 238] Christian Theology I: God and Humanity (3)

[THEO 239] Christian Theology II: Nature and Mission of the Church (3)

Three Additional CHRM courses in a chosen area of emphasis (9)

One of the following:

[BIBL 231] Old Testament Literature (3)

[BIBL 235] New Testament Literature (3)


Church Music Minor (18 credits) - Department of Music

[MUTH 101] Music Theory I (3)

[MUTH 107] Sight Singing and Ear Training I (1)

[MUGE 209] Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs (3)

[MUED 251] Conducting I: Fundamentals (2)

[MUCM 431] Church Music Administration (3)

Three credits of applied music (MUAP) courses (3)

Three credits of music (MUAP, MUEN or MUSI) electives (3)


Coaching Minor (18-19 credits) - Department of Health and Human Performance

[HPED 195] First Aid: CPR or ARC First Aid/CPR course (0-1)

[HPED 236] Medical Aspects of Sports (3)

[HPED 322] Exercise Physiology (3)

[HPED 333] Principles of Coaching (3)

[IDET 300] Topics: Ethical Issues in Sport (3)

[HPED 391] Sport and Exercise Science Practicum (3)

Three hours from the following:

[ADED 139] Wilderness Encounter (3)

[ADED 188] Ropes and Initiatives Course Certifications (1)

[HPED 321] Kinesiology (3)

[HPED 360] Exercise Testing and Prescription (3)

[HPED 233] Sports Officiating (2)

[HPED 156] Team Sports (1)

[HPED 158] Racquet Sports (1)

[HPED 164] Recreational and Rhythmical Activities (1)

[HPED 165] Individual Sports (1)

[HPED 170] Concepts of Conditioning (1)

[HPED 175] Developmental Gymnastics (1)

[HPED 185] Outdoor Living Skills (1)


Communication Minor (18 credits) - Department of Communication

One of the following:

[COMM 211] Media in Everyday Life (3)

[COMM 212] Christianity and Media Culture (3)

[COMM 218] Mass Media and Society (3)

[COMM 341] Communication Theory (3)

Twelve credits [COMM 200] - level or above (12)*

*A film, public relations, or BTMM course may replace one of the COMM courses.


Community Psychology Minor (21 credits) – Department of Psychology

One of the following:

[PSYC 101] Introduction to Psychology (3)

[SOCI 101] Principles of Sociology (3)

One of the Following:

[PSYC 171] Introduction to Social Research (3)

[SOCI 271] Research Methods (3)

[PSYC 226] or [SOCI 226] Social Psychology (3)

[PSYC 242] Community Psychology (3)

[SOCI 242] Social Problems and Social Change (3)

[PSYC 391] or [SOCI 391] Practicum* (3)

One of the Following:

[CRIJ 282] Restorative Justice (3)

[PSYC 365] or [SOCI 365] Drug & Alcohol Addiction (3)

[HDFS 253] Community Services for Individual and Family (3)

[PSYC 319] Abnormal Psychology (3)

[PSYC 323] Counseling Theories (3)

*The practicum should be associated with the Harrisburg Institute, and it must be approved by the Department of Psychology.


Computer Science Minor (18 credits) - Department of Mathematical Sciences

Eighteen (18) credits in computer science (COSC) courses, excluding [COSC 171]


Counseling Minor (21 credits) - Department of Psychology

[PSYC 101] Introduction to Psychology (3)

[PSYC 241] Group Dynamics (3)

[PSYC 319] Abnormal Psychology (3)

[PSYC 323] Counseling Theories (3)

[PSYC 433] Counseling Techniques (3)

Any two of the following:

[HDFS 209] or [PSYC 209] Life Span Development (3)

[HDFS 218] Death, Grief, and Caring (3)

[HDFS 244] Human Sexuality (3)

[PSYC 365] or [SOCI 365] Drug and Alcohol Addiction (3)

[HDFS 382] Topics in Human Development and Family Science (3)*

[PSYC 382] Topics in Psychology (3)*

[HDFS 391] Family Service Practicum (3)*

[PSYC 391] Psychology Practicum (3)*

*All Practica and Topics courses must be approved by the Chair of the Psychology Department in order to meet the minor requirement.


Criminal Justice Minor (18 credits) - Department of Sociology and Social Work

[CRIJ 101] Introduction to Criminal Justice (3)

[SOCI 242] Social Problems and Social Change (3)

One of the following:

[CRIJ 309] Juvenile Delinquency (3)

[CRIJ 362] Criminology (3)

One of the following:

[CRIJ 282] Restorative Justice (3)

[CRIJ 307] Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (3)

[CRIJ 367] Victimology (3)

Six credits Criminal Justice electives (6)


Early Childhood Education Minor (28 credits)* - Department of Education

[ECE 210] Introduction to Early Childhood Education (3)

[ECE 212] Language Development (3)

[ECE 221] Early Childhood Field Experience (1)

[ECE 36] 3 Developmental Programming: Curriculum & Instruction for Early Childhood (with Field Experience Block) (3)

[ECE 365] Theories of Early Learning (3)

[ECE 415] Practices in Early Childhood Education (2)

[ECE 465] Lab School Student Teaching (4)

[HDFS 310] Child Development (3)

Six credits from the following:

[BUSA 130] Personal Finance (3)

[EDUC 201] Education and American Society (3)

[EDUC 301] Reading: Curriculum & Instruction for Primary Grades (3)

[ECE 306] Creative Expression (3)

[EDUC 226] Children=s Literature (3)

[HDFS 142] Introduction to Interpersonal Relations (3)

[HDFS 242] Parenting (3)

[HPED 224] Personal Health Education (3)

[HRM 120] Principles of Management (3)

*Students may qualify to teach in private, licensed nursery and/or kindergarten schools by completing the ECE minor (28 credits). Upon completion of these requirements, students are eligible for certification by the Division of Private Academic Schools, Pennsylvania Department of Education, Harrisburg, PA. Students may contact the Division of Private Academic Schools for the required forms.


Economics Minor (18 credits) - Department of Management and Business

[ECON 110] Economics of Social Issues (3)

[ECON 210] Contemporary Economics (3)

One of the following:

[ECON 301] Intermediate Macroeconomics (3)

[ECON 302] Managerial Economics (3)

Nine credits ECO electives, one of which may be [IBUS 375] (9)


Education Minor (18 credits) - Department of Education

The Education Minor does not lead to teacher certification, and students who complete the minor are not eligible for the Professional Semester, including student teaching.

[EDUC 201] Education and American Society (3)

[EDUC 203] Educational Psychology (3)

Twelve credits from the following:

Any 100-, 200-, or 300-level courses in EDUC and/or ECE, with the exception of the following: [EDUC 318], [EDUC 320] , [EDUC 362] , [ECE 221] .

Three (3) credits outside of EDUC and ECE may be elected with approval of the Department of Education Chair. Courses elected should represent areas of study that are relevant to the field of Education. Such topics may include (but are not limited to) the following: learning, cognition, development, family relationships, literacy, social theory, assessment, social science research methods, philosophy, and public policy.


English Minor (18 credits) - Department of English

Three credits British Literature (3)

Three credits American Literature (3)

Three credits Literature before 1900 (3)

Nine credits ENGL electives (9)

NOTE: Fifteen credits must be 200-level or above


Environmental Science Minor (20 credits) - Department of Biological Sciences

[BIOL 150] Biology I (4)

[BIOL 152] Biology III (4)

[BIOL 261] Ecology (3)

[BIOL 274] Environmental Science (3)

Six credits of BIOL (or other) courses approved for the Environmental Science major (6)


Environmental Science Minor for Biology Majors (18 credits) - Department of Biological Sciences

[BIOL 271] Ecological Field Techniques (3)

[BIOL 274] Environmental Science (3)

One of the following:

[BIOL 321] Mycology (4)

[BIOL 332] Plant Taxonomy (4)

One of the following:

[BIOL 345] Entomology (4)

[BIOL 356] Ornithology (4)

[BIOL 358] Herpetology (4)

Four credits of BIOL (or other) courses approved for the Environmental Science major (4)


Environmental Studies Minor (22-25 credits) - Department of Biological Sciences

[BIOL 261] Ecology (3)

[BIOL 274] Environmental Science (3)

[BIOL 315] Environmental Ethics (3)

[ECON 117] Issues in Environmental Economics (3)

[POLI 113] American Government (3)

[POLI 323] Public Policy (3)

Two of the following:

[ENGL 174] Literature and the Environment (3)

[IDST 200] Topics: Appropriate Technology (3)

[INTE 394] Internship (4) or Departmental Practicum (1-3)


Foods and Nutrition Minor (18 credits) - Department of Nutrition and Dietetics

[NUTR 121] Food and Food Science (3)

[NUTR 222] Nutrition Theory (3)

Twelve credits NUTR electives (12)


French Minor (21 credits beyond FREN 102) - Department of Modern Languages

[FREN 201] Intermediate French (3)

[FREN 206] French Culture and Language (3)

Two of the following:

[FREN 301] Contemporary French Culture (3)

[FREN 320] Selected Topics in French (3)

[FREN 401] Advanced Composition & Conversation (3)

[FREN 402] Advanced Composition & Conversation (3)

Nine additional credits fulfilled at either the Grantham Campus, Université de Strasbourg, France or the Université de Nancy, France, from the approved list (9)


General Music Minor (18 credits) - Department of Music

[MUTH 101] Music Theory I (3)

[MUTH 102] Music Theory II (3)

[MUTH 107] Sight Singing and Ear Training I (1)

[MUTH 108] Sight Singing and Ear Training II (1)

One of the following:

[MUMH 304] Music History II (3)

[MUMH 305] Music History III (3)

Four credits of applied music (MUAP) courses (4)

Three credits MUAP, MUSI, or MUEN electives (3)


German Minor (21 credits beyond GERM 102) - Department of Modern Languages

[GERM 201] Intermediate German (3)

[GERM 206] Contemporary German Culture (3)

One of the following:

[GERM 211] Unified Germany (3)

[GERM 301] Readings in German Literature I (3)

[GERM 302] Readings in German Literature II (3)

Twelve additional credits fulfilled at Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany, from the approved list (12)


Gerontology Minor (18 credits) - Department of Human Development and Family Science

[GERO 218] Death, Grief and Caring (3)

[GERO 251] Nutrition, Health and Biology of Aging (3)

[GERO 231] Psychology of Aging (3)

[GERO 232] Sociology of Aging (3)

One of the following:

a. [GERO 391] Aging Practicum (3,3) (2 separate practica of 3 credits each or an internship for 6 credits)

b. [GERO 391] Aging Practicum (3)

[HDFS 312] Adult Development (3)

Global Christian Studies Minor (21 credits) - Department of Biblical and Religious Studies

[THEO 223] Global Christian Theology (3)

[THEO 238] Christian Theology I: God and Humanity (3)

[THEO 239] Christian Theology II: Nature and Mission of the Church (3)

[IDCC 260] Cross-Cultural Studies (or some other form of study abroad) approved by minor advisor (3)

Three of the following courses:

[RELI 321] Christianity in Latin America (3)

[RELI 329] Christianity in Africa (3)

[RELI 332] Christianity in Asia (3)

[RELI 355] Religion in the United States (3)


Global Ministries Minor (18 credits) - Department of Biblical and Religious Studies

[ANTH 101] Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3)

[CHRM 220] Introduction to Christian Mission (3)

[CHRM 243] Evangelism and Discipleship (3)

[CHRM 320] Biblical Theology of Mission (3)

[CHRM 352] Topics in Global Ministries (3)

One of the following World Religion/Christianity Courses:

[RELI 228] Judaism (3)

[RELI 229] Islam (3)

[RELI 321] Christianity in Latin America (3)

[RELI 329] Christianity in Africa (3)

[RELI 332] Christianity in Asia (3)

[RELI 333] Religions of India (3)

[RELI 334] Religions of China/Japan (3)


History Minor (18 credits) - Department of History

One of the following:

[HIST 141] U.S. History Survey to 1865 (3)

[HIST 142] U.S. History Survey since 1865 (3)

[HIST 258] Historical Methods (3)

Three credits upper-level American History (3)

Three credits upper-level European History (3)

Three credits NonWestern History (3)

Three credits HIST electives (3)


Human Development and Family Science Minor (18 credits) - Department of Human Development and Family Science

[HDFS 101] Foundations of Marriage and the Family (3)

[HDFS 242] Parenting (3)

[HDFS 244] Human Sexuality (3)

[HDFS 339] Dynamics of Family Interaction (3)

[HDFS 355] Marital Relationships (3)

One of the following:

[HDFS 209] Life Span Development (3)

[HDFS 310] Child Development (3)

[HDFS 311] Adolescent Development (3)

[HDFS 312] Adult Development (3)

[GERO 231] Psychology of Aging (3)

[GERO 232] Sociology of Aging (3)


Human Resource Management Minor (18 credits) - Department of Management and Business

[HRM 120] Principles of Management (3)

[HRM 301] Human Resource Management (3)

[HRM 311] Organizational Behavior (3)

[HRM 356] Compensation and Benefits Management (3)

Six credits chosen from:

[LEAD 310] Leadership Theory and Development (3)

[HRM 312] or [LEAD 312] Leading Organizational Change (3)

[HRM 346] Labor Relations (3)

[HRM 351] Comparative HRM (3)

[HRM 352] Management in the Netherlands (3)

[ECON 315] The Economics of Wages and Employment (3)

Internship/Practicum in HRM (3)

All students must pass the department-administered Computer Competency Exam as part of the minor requirements.


Human Services Minor (18 credits) - Department of Sociology and Social Work

One of the following: (Social Context Cluster)

[SOCI 242] Social Problems and Social Change (3)

[SOCI 356] Race, Ethnicity, and Gender (3)

One of the following (Developmental Theory Cluster)

[HDFS 310] or [PSYC 310] Child Development (3)

[HDFS 311] or [PSYC 311] Adolescent Development (3)

[HDFS 312] or [PSYC 312] Adult Development (3)

[SOWK 221] Human Behavior in the Social Environment (3)

One of the following: (Individual Dynamics)

[HDFS 244] Human Sexuality (3)

[PSYC 319] Abnormal Psychology (3)

[PSYC 409] Psychological Testing (3)

One of the following: (Services Cluster)

[CRIJ 309] Juvenile Delinquency (3)

[HDFS 253] Community Services for Individuals and Families (3)

[SOWK 120] Introduction to Social Welfare and Social Work (3)

One of the following: (Theories in the Helping Professions Cluster)

[HDFS 339] Dynamics of Family Interaction (3)

[PSYC 323] Counseling Theories (3)

One of the following: (Skills in the Helping Professions Cluster)

[HDFS 142] Introduction to Interpersonal Relations (3)

[PSYC 241] Group Dynamics (3)

[PSYC 323] Counseling Theories (3)

NOTE: Students are encouraged to enroll in a practicum ( [HDFS 391] or [PSYC 391] or [SOCI 391] , [SOWK 291] , or [SERV 231] ) after completing the requirements for this minor. Students also need to be attentive to specific prerequisites required for each course listed


Journalism Minor (18 credits) - Department of English

[COMM 218] Mass Media and Society (3)

[ENGL 112] Newswriting (3)

[ENGL 212] Magazine Writing (3)

[ENGL 304] Advanced Writing (3)

Two of the following Temple University courses:

[JPRA 0221] Public Relations Principles & Practices (3)*

[JPRA 0226] Introduction to Advertising (3)*

[JPRA 0251] Newswriting II (3)*

[JPRA 0255] Editing the News (3)*

*Journalism minor requires one semester at the Messiah College-Philadelphia Campus.


Leadership Minor (21 credits) - Department of Management and Business

[HRM 120] Principles of Management (3)

[HRM 311] Organizational Behavior (3)

[LEAD 310] Leadership Theory & Development (3)

[LEAD 312] or [HRM 312] Leading Organizational Change (3)

One of the following:

[COMM 301] Persuasion: Theory and Practice (3)

[COMM 333] Business and Organizational Communication (3)

[COMM 353] Crisis Communication and Media Relations (3)

[LEAD 391] Leadership Practicum (3)

[LEAD 401] Issues and Problems in Leadership (3)

NOTE: Appropriate course substitutions may be made with the approval of the Department of Management and Business.


Mathematics Minor (18 credits) - Department of Mathematics

[MATH 111] Calculus I (4)

[MATH 112] Calculus II (4)

Ten credits of 200 and 300 - level MATH and/or STAT courses approved for the Mathematics major (10)


Multicultural Families Minor (18 credits) - Department of Human Development and Family Science

Core required courses from the Grantham Campus:

[HDFS 101] Foundations of Marriage and Family (3)

[HDFS 383] Topics in Multicultural Family Studies (3)

One of the following:

[HDFS 384] Families in America (3)

[HDFS 386] Family Ethnicity and Human Services (3)

Recommended Courses in Philadelphia through Temple University - (Students will select two courses from the following list)

[AAS W286] The Black Family (3)

[AAS 0346] The Black Child: Development and Socialization (3)

[LAS 0148] Puerto Ricans in Philadelphia (3)

[LAS R150] Latino Caribbean Society (3)

[AAS 0205] The Black Woman (3)

[AAS 0205] The African American Male in Contemporary Society (3)

[AS 0100] Practical Asian Society and Culture (3)

[AS 0317] Asian Women in Transition (3)

[W120] Fundamentals of Cultural Anthropology (3)

Experiential Requirement - one of the following:

[URBS 310] Urban Field Experience (3)

[HDFS 391] Family Service Practicum (3)

NOTE: Appropriate course substitutions may be made upon the approval of the Department of Human Development and Family Science.


Peace and Conflict Studies Minor (18 credits) - Sider Institute

[BIBL 291] Issues of War, Peace, and Social Justice in Biblical Texts (3)

[HIST 391] Historical Study of Peace (3)

[SOCI 335] Social Conflict, Justice, and Peacemaking (3)

[THEO 227] Theology, Violence and Nonviolence (3)

One of the following:

[COMM 354] Interpersonal Conflict (3)

[HIST 362] United States Foreign Policy (3)

[PHIL 325] Moral Problems (3)

[POLI 212] International Politics (3).

[SOCI 356] Race, Ethnicity, and Gender (3)

[THEA 363] Theatre for Social Change (3)

An appropriate discipline-based ATopics@ course (with approval of Peace and Conflict Studies committee)

One of the following:

[PACS 391] Practicum in Peace and Conflict Studies (3)

[PACS 491] Independent Research in Peace and Conflict Studies (3)


Philosophy Minor (18 credits) - Department of Philosophy

One of the following:

[PHIL 101] Problems in Philosophy (3)

[PHIL 102] History of Philosophy (3)

Five additional PHIL elective courses (15)

Politics Minor (18 credits) - Department of Politics

Two of the following:

[POLI 113] American Government (3)

[POLI 204] History of Political Thought (3)

[POLI 212] International Politics (3)

[POLI 213] Comparative Politics (3)

Twelve credits POLI courses; may include [HIST 362] (12)

No more than three (3) credits from approved internships or practica


Pre-Law Minor (21 credits) - Department of Politics

[POLI 113] American Government (3)

[POLI 214] American Constitutional Law (3)

[PHIL 220] Introduction to Logic (3)

Three credit 300-level ENGL literature elective (3)

Three credit 300-level HIST elective (3)

Two of the following:

[BUSA 381] Business Law I (3) or [BUSA 382] Business Law II (3)

[POLI 392] Pre-Law Practicum (3)

[POLI 316] Topics in Constitutional Civil Liberties (3)


Pre-Marriage and Family Therapy Minor (18 credits) - Department of Human Development and Family Science

[HDFS 101] Foundations of Marriage and Family (3)

[HDFS 142] Introduction to Interpersonal Relations (3)

[HDFS 339] Dynamics of Family Interaction (3)

[HDFS 411] Marriage and Family Therapy (3)

[PSYC 319] Abnormal Psychology (3)

Choose one of the following:

[HDFS 355] Marital Relationships (3)

[HDFS 382] Topics in HDFS (as approved by the HDFS Department) (3)

[HDFS 386] Family Ethnicity and Human Services (3)

HDFS 391] Family Service Practicum (3)

[PSYC 241] Group Dynamics (3)

[SOCI 365] Drug and Alcohol Addiction (3)


Pre-Marriage and Family Therapy Minor for Human Development and Family Science Majors (18 credits) - Department of Human Development and Family Science

[HDFS 101] Foundations of Marriage and Family (3)

[HDFS 339] Dynamics of Family Interaction (3)

[HDFS 411] Marriage and Family Therapy (3)

[PSYC 319] Abnormal Psychology (3)

Choose one of the following:

[HDFS 382] Topics in Human Development and Family Science (as approved by the HDFS Department) (3)

[HDFS 391] Family Service Practicum (3)

[PSYC 241] Group Dynamics (3)

[SOCI 365] Drug and Alcohol Addiction (3)


Psychology Minor (18 credits) - Department of Psychology

[PSYC 101] Introduction to Psychology (3)

Two of the following:

[PSYC 204] Cognition (3)

[PSYC 226] Social Psychology (3)

[PSYC 350] Biological Basis of Behavior (3)

[PSYC 351] Sensation and Perception (3)

One of the following:

[PSYC 209] Life Span Development (3)

[PSYC 310] Child Development (3)

[PSYC 311] Adolescent Development (3)

[PSYC 312] Adult Development (3)

One of the following:

[PSYC 323] Counseling Theories (3)

[PSYC 324] Personality (3)

Three credits PSYC electives (3)


Religion Minor (18 credits) - Department of Biblical and Religious Studies

One 200-level Christian Beliefs Course (3)

[THEO 487] Seminar in Theology and Religion (3)

Twelve additional RELI or THEO credits selected in consultation with minor advisor (12)


Socio-Cultural Perspectives on Education Minor (18 credits) - Department of Education

Grantham Option:

[EDUC 246] Socio-Cultural Perspectives on Education (3)

[EDUC 354] Comparative & International Education (3)

[EDUC 355] Education and American Pluralism (3)

[EDUC 357] Education Public Policy (3)

[EDUC 362] Education Practicum: Socio-cultural Variability (3)

One of the following:

[SOCI 215] Introduction to Urban Sociology (3)

[SOCI 335] Social Conflict, Justice and Peacemaking (3)

[SOCI 356] Race, Ethnicity and Gender (3)

[HDFS 383] Topics in Multicultural Family Studies (3)

[HDFS 386] Family Ethnicity and Human Services (3)

One course from a related area, approved by Education Department Chair (3)

Philadelphia Option:

[EDUC 246] Socio-Cultural Perspectives on Education (3)

[EDUC 354] Comparative & International Education (3)

[EDUC 355] Education and American Pluralism (3)

[EDUC 357] Education Public Policy (3)

* [URBS 310] Urban Field Experience (3)

*One of the following from Temple University:

[GUS C055] Urban Society (3)

[GUS C060] World Urban Patterns (3)

[GUS 0279] Urban Ethnicity (3)

[AAS 0321] The Black Child (3)

[EDU R065] Race and Racism in U.S. Education (3)

One course from a related area, approved by Education Department Chair (3)

*Taken at the Messiah College-Philadelphia Campus

Sociology Minor (18 credits) - Department of Sociology and Social Work

[SOCI 101] Principles of Sociology (3)

[SOCI 242] Social Problems and Social Change (3)

[SOCI 271] Research Methods (3)

[SOCI 332] Sociological Theory (3)

Six additional credits of SOCI or ANTH courses (6)


Spanish Minor (21 credits beyond SPAN 102) - Department of Modern Languages

[SPAN 201] Intermediate Spanish (3)

[SPAN 206] Spanish Conversation and Composition (3)

Two of the following (including at least one 300 level)

[SPAN 210] Latin American Plays of Protest (3)

[SPAN 211] Spanish Theatre Production (3)

[SPAN 212] Post-Franco Spain (3)

[SPAN 211] Spanish Theatre Production (3)

[SPAN 214] The Struggle for Spanish Identity (3)

[SPAN 221] Business Spanish (3)

[SPAN 301] Topics in Latin American Literature (3)

[SPAN 302] Culture and Identity in Latin America (3)

[SPAN 308] Applied Phonetics (3)

[SPAN 311] Topics in Spanish Peninsular Literature (3)

[SPAN 314] The Counter Reformation and the Spanish Baroque (3)

[SPAN 320] Spanish Linguistics (3)

[SPAN 322] Contemporary Mexico (3)

Nine additional credits fulfilled at either the Grantham campus, Barcelona, Spain, or Quito, Ecuador from the approved list on the departmental website (9)


Sport and Exercise Science Minor (18 credits) - Department of Health and Human Performance

[HPED 227] Foundations of Health and Physical Education (3)

[HPED 322] Exercise Physiology (3)

Twelve credits selected in consultation with HPER advisor. Three (3) skills courses are highly recommended (12)


Statistics Minor (18 credits) - Department of Mathematical Sciences

[STAT 291] Statistics for the Mathematical Sciences I (3)

[STAT 292] Statistics for the Mathematical Sciences II (3)

Twelve additional credits of approved STAT courses (12)


Studio Art Minor (18 credits) - Department of Visual Arts

One of the following:

[ART 171] Foundations of Drawing (3)

[ART 182] Color & Design (3)

[ART 237] Graphic Design I (3)

[ART 282] Form, Space, & Media (3)

One of the following:

[ARTH 150] Art History I: Ancient through Medieval Art (3)

[ARTH 151] Art History II: Renaissance through Contemporary Art (3)

Twelve credits ART electives (12)


Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) Minor (15-24 credits) - Department of Modern Languages

[ANTH 101] Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3)

[LING 309] Linguistics (3)

[LING 312] Methodology in Teaching English as a Second Language (3)

[LING 313] Seminar & Field Experience in TESOL (3)

[EDUC 246] Socio-Cultural Perspectives on Education (3)

Competence in a second language equivalent to the completion of the 201 level


Theatre Minor (18 credits) - Department of Theatre

[THEA 115] Production Practicum (1)

[THEA 120] Introduction to Acting (3)

[THEA 150] Introduction to Technical Theatre (3)

Electives (minimum of 11 additional credits from the theatre curriculum)


Urban Studies Minor (18-19 credits) - Department of Sociology and Social Work

[SOCI 215] Introduction to Urban Society

Two of the following at Temple University:

[GUS C060] World Urban Patterns (3)*

[GUS W120] Urban Policy Analysis (3)*

[GUS 0214] Urban Social Geography (3)*

[GUS 0279] Urban Ethnicity (3)*

One of the following at Temple University:

[ECO 0285] Urban Economics (3)*

[HIS 0226] Development of the Modern American City (3)*

[PSC 0135] Urban Politics and Problems (3)*

[SOC 0251] Urban Sociology (3)*

One of the following:

[SERV 231] , [SERV 232] Foundations of Mission, Service, and Social Change (4)

Three credit HDFS, PSYC, or SOCI practicum (3)

One additional three credit course from Temple University or Messiah College and approved by the minor advisor and meets objectives of Urban Studies Minor (3)

*Offered at the Messiah College-Philadelphia Campus in conjunction with Temple University. This minor requires at least one semester at the Philadelphia Campus.


Women's Studies Minor (18 credits) - Department of Human Development and Family Science

[HDFS 342] , [PSYC 342] , [SOCI 342] , [WOMS 342] Women and Men in American Society (3)

[HDFS 406] , [PSYC 406] , [SOCI 406] , [WOMS 406] Contemporary Feminism (3)

Four of the following:

[ENGL 144] Nineteenth Century British Women Writers (3)

[ENGL 176] Twentieth Century Women=s Literature (3)

[RELI 335] Gender and Christianity (3)

[SOCI 356] Race, Ethnicity, and Gender (3)

[THEO 354] Women Theologians in the United States (3)

NOTE: Appropriate course substitutions can be made with the approval by the Department of Human Development and Family Science.