Messiah College History Department Curriculum
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In addition in intensive examination of a wide range of historical periods and subjects, the history majors allow room for students to pursue other studies.  For example, some take a second major, and many complete minors, in areas from English, foreign languages, economics, and journalism to communication, business, and politics.  Students are also required to seek experiental learning, either through study abroad or through an internship experience.

HISTORY MAJOR

            Core Requirements:
 
HIS 103: US Survey to 1865 3
HIS 104: US Survey since 1865 3
HIS 105: Western Civilization: Bronze Age to 1500 or 
HIS 106: Western Civilization: 1500 to Present
3
HIS 233: World Civilizations: Bronze Age to 1500 or
HIS 236: World Civilizations: 1500 to Present
3
HIS 258: Historical Methods (Sophomore Seminar) 3
One 300-Level US History Course 3
One 300-Level Pre-Modern European History Course 3
One 300-Level Modern European History Course 3
One 300-Level Non-Western History Course 3
One 300-Level History Elective Course 3
One 300-Level History Elective Course 3
One 300-Level History Elective Course 3
HIS 420: Historiography & Philosophy of History (Senior Seminar) 3
Experiential Learning Component* 0-4
TOTAL CREDITS FOR HISTORY MAJOR 39-43

        *Experiential Learning Component

Option 1--Participation in one of the following off-campus study programs, with at least one history course  in the semester's curriculum. The history course(s) will count toward either the core requirements or the elective requirements, and therefore will result in no net increase in credits required for the major:

BCA Semester Abroad (China, Ecuador, England, France, Germany, Greece, Japan, India, Spain)
American Studies Program (CCCU)*
China Studies Program (CCCU)
Daystar University (Kenya)
Jerusalem University College
Latin American Studies Program (CCCU)*
Middle East Studies Program (CCCU)
Oxford Honors Programme (CCCU)
Oxford Summer Programme (CCCU)
Philadelphia Campus [with history courses at Temple University]
Russian Studies Program (CCCU)
Temple Overseas Program

*[An historical reflection paper is required, since there are no history courses in these programs]
Option 2--An approved historical internship (INT 394/5) of up to nine credits during the academic year or during the summer in one of these areas:

Archives
Museums
Historical Libraries and Societies
Historical Preservation
Historical Research
Public History
Richmond University Internships in London

   History Concentrations:
History majors may use their three 300-level elective history courses to pursue a Concentration in one of the following areas: Classical History (pre-modern Europe), Modern European History, American History, Non-Western History, Public History.


       History-Social Studies Teaching Certification

Those History majors who are seeking careers as History and Social Studies teachers in the secondary school setting will use their general elective credits to complete the state credentialing program in conjunction with the Education Department. An additional 43 credits are needed beyond the History major to earn the credential, as indicated below.
Completion of the History Major 39
HIS 103: US Survey to 1865 3
HIS 104: US Survey since 1865 3
HIS 105: Western Civilization: Bronze Age to 1500 or
HIS 106: Western Civilization: 1500 to Present
3
HIS 233: World Civilization: Bronze Age to 1500 or
HIS 236: World Civilization: 1500 to Present
3
HIS 258: Historical Methods (Sophomore Seminar) 3
One 300-level American History Course 3
One 300-level Pre-Modern European History Course 3
One 300-level Modern European History Course 3
One 300-level Non-Western History Course 3
One 300-level History Elective Course 3
One 300-level History Elective Course 3
HIS 407: Secondary Social Studies Curriculum & Design 3
HIS 420: Historiography & Philosophy of History (Senior Seminar) 3
Social Studies Requirements 18
GEOG 103: Regional Geography of the World 3
POS 113: American Government 3
POS 212: International Politics or
POS 213: Comparative Politics
3
ECO 210: Contemporary Economics 3
SOC 101: Principles of Sociology 3
MAT/CSC/STA 1xx  Additional Mathematics Course 3
Education Requirements 25
EDU 120: The Teaching Profession 1
EDU 201: Education in American Society 3
EDU 203: Educational Psychology 3
EDU 318: Field Experience for Secondary Education 1
EDU 331: Instructional Design and Assessment 3
Professional Semester:
HIS 407: Secondary Social Studies Curriculum & Design History Elective Above
PSY/FAM 311: Adolescent Development 3
EDU 420: Professional Issues in Education 2
EDU 435: Secondary Student Teaching (Meets the History Major Experiential Learning Component) 9
Total Credits Required to Meet both the History Major and the Teaching Certificate, including General Education Courses 130

      Click here for specific information on teacher certification and requirements.

       Humanities Major - History Concentration*
 
 

Fifteen Credits in History 15
HIS 420: Historiography and Philosophy of History 3
Required Supporting Major Courses
          Six Credits in Art or Music 6
          Six Credits in Literature 6
          Six Credits in Philosophy 6
TOTAL CREDITS FOR MAJOR 36
* This cross-disciplinary major is offered with the cooperation of the Department of Language, Literature & Communication and Biblical Studies, Religion and Philosophy. No more than a one-course overlap with General Education requirements is allowed for the completion of major requirements. At least eighteen credits of major requirements must be upper-division courses.


       History Minor
 
 

HIS 103: US Survey to 1865 or
HIS 104: US Survey since 1865
3
HIS 258: Historical Methods 3
One 300-level American History Course 3
One 300-level European History Course 3
One 300-level non-Western History Course 3
One HIS Elective Course 3
Total Credits for Minor 18

       Course Descriptions
 

HIS 103 United States History Survey to 1865 (3)
A survey stressing political, economic, diplomatic, and social themes. Begins with discussion of pre-Columbian America and end with the Civil War.  Meets General Education's U.S. History requirement.
HIS 104 United States History Survey Since 1865 (3)
A survey stressing political, economic, diplomatic, and social themes. Begins with Reconstruction and continues through the present day. Meets General Education U.S. History requirement.
HIS 105 Western Civilization: Bronze Age to 1500 (3)
A survey of Western Civilization from pre-history to 1500. Major themes include the fundamental nature of human civilization, the Judeo-Christian tradition and its place among the civilizations of human history, and the nature of various cultural world views that emerged in pre-modern Western civilization. Meets General Education European History requirement.
HIS 106 Western Civilization: 1500 to Present (3)
A survey of the social, economic, political, religious, and cultural developments in Western Civilization from 1500 to the present. Major themes include the emergence of a modern Western world view, how European nations came to dominate the other world civilizations, and how the traumas of the twentieth century caused a profound questioning of this modern world model. Meets General Education European History requirement.
HIS 152 The Wild, Wild West: Battles Over the American West and the Western Image (3)
A study of the history and mythology of the American West, including the effects of the Western image on Americans as a whole. Meets General Education U.S. History requirement. (J-Term)
HIS 153 European Missionary Travels and Writing (3)
A study of the cross-cultural experiences of European missionaries in foreign lands from the sixteenth century to the present day. As historical observers, students will evaluate exemplary diaries, letters, autobiographies, and films to learn how western men and women have encountered the landscapes and peoples of South America, China, India, and Africa in their missions work. Meets General Education European History requirement. (J-Term)
HIS 154 Vietnam War America (3)
A study of the Vietnam war including its colonial roots, its military component, and its enduring influence on American society. Meets General Education U. S. History requirement. (J-Term)
HIS 156 Social Movements in Twentieth-Century America (3)
An examination of organized social movements (e.g., Progressivism, women's suffrage/rights, the Civil Rights movement and the Christian Right) that sought to transform some aspect of twentieth-century American society. Placing these movements into their historical contexts, this course examines their goals, methods, outcomes and their opponents to better understand the nature of American society. Meets General Education U. S. History requirement. (J-Term)
HIS 233 World Civilizations: Bronze Age to 1500 (3)
A comparative survey of the social, cultural, political, religious, and economic developments in civilizations outside the western tradition from pre-history to 1500. Major themes include the fundamental nature of human civilization, the classical traditions of civilizations which emerged in Asia, Africa, the Near East, and the pre-Columbian Americas, and the growing interactions between these civilizations in pre-modern world history. Meets General Education Non-Western History requirement.
HIS 236 World Civilizations: 1500 to Present (3)
A comparative survey of the social, cultural, political, religious, and economic developments in civilizations outside the western tradition from 1500 to the present. Major themes include the effects of Western imperialism on these civilizations, their responses to modernization, globalization, and westernization, and the post-colonial transformations of civilizations during the twentieth century. Meets General Education Non-Western Studies requirement.
HIS 258 Historical Methods (3)
An introduction to the "doing" of history including techniques, procedures, and skills of the working historian. The course will concentrate on research methodology, analytical and synthetic thinking skills, and the ability to organize and report research findings in both written and oral form. This course is designed specifically for sophomore History majors and minors, History-Social Studies majors, and Humanities-History Concentration majors. (every Fall semester)
HIS 261 Public History (3)
A study of how history is presented in the public sphere including museums, commemorations, documentaries, community histories, and public memory. Addresses a variety of activities and careers for historians outside of academia. May include or be taken in conjunction with an internship. (Alternate years)
HIS 312 History of Women in America (3)
A study of historical change in the lives, experiences, and social status of American women from the American Revolution to the present, with emphasis on women's role in the family, their participation in the economy, and their organized campaigns to secure political and social equality. Meets General Education Pluralism in Contemporary America requirement. (Alternate years)
HIS 315 United States Foreign Policy (3)
An examination of U.S. foreign policy with special attention given to the Cold War and its aftermath. Cross-listed with POS 315.
HIS 324 Civil War America (3)
An examination of the causes, nature, and consequences of the American Civil War. Covers the period from 1848-1877 and discusses such topics as the nature of slavery, the rise of abolitionism, the collapse and reconstruction of the American political system, and the realities of war. Meets General Education U.S. History requirement (Tier Two Course). (Alternate years)
HIS 327 African-American History Since 1865 (3)
A study of historical change in the lives, experiences, legal status, and social status of African-Americans from the abolition of slavery to the present. Special attention is given to African-American campaigns to secure political and social equality. Meets General Education Pluralism in Contemporary America requirement. (Alternate years)
HIS 333 Native American History (3)
A survey of Native American history from before European contact to the present day. Addresses social, cultural, economic, political and military issues. Meets General Education Pluralism in Contemporary America requirement. (Alternate years)

HIS 335 Age of Jefferson and Jackson (3)
An examination the development of the United States between 1790 and 1848. Emphasis is given to the political, social, economic, and cultural factors which shaped American life during the Jeffersonian and Jacksonian eras. (Alternate years)

HIS 336 From Omaha to Hiroshima: U.S. History, 1890-1945 (3)
A study of the U.S. from the Populist movement through the end of World War II. Focus is on the transformation of a rural, agrarian society into an urban industrial world power. (Alternate years)

HIS 337 Colonial America (3)
A study of the political, social, and religious history of the North American colonies from 1620 to 1763. Emphases include the transformation of European and African settlers into a distinctly American people, and the often stormy relationships between Native Americans and European immigrants. (Alternate years)

HIS 338 Modern America: U.S. History, 1945-Present (3)
A study of the U.S. from the end of World War II to the present. Special attention given to the social and cultural influences of the Cold War, changes in the political economy, and protest movements in the late 20th century. (Alternate years)

HIS 339 Immigrant America (3)
A history of immigration and immigrant groups in the United States from 1830 to the present. Covers major waves of immigration and focuses on the diverse cultural heritage, social structure, and political activism of immigrants from Europe, the Americas, and Asia. Meets General Education Pluralism in Contemporary America Requirement. (Alternate years)

HIS 341 Greco-Roman Society and Culture (3)
A comparative survey of the societies and cultures of Classical Greece and Rome, upon which much of our own Western Civilization is based. Major themes include the nature and effects of empire building, the social realities of republican and imperial political orders, the cultural contributions of this era, and the religious world of the Classical and Hellenistic Mediterranean. (Alternate years)

HIS 342 Premodern Civilizations of Asia (3)
A broad introduction to the historical transformations of government and society in Asia from the earliest times to the sixteenth century. The twin themes of order and encounters will form the thematic foundations of this course. We will explore the different ways in which Asian societies in China, Japan, and India grew in complexity as they crafted elaborate institutional arrangements for governance, and also as they became interconnected within wider circuits of exchange of ideas, commodities, and populations. Our explorations will take us down to the moment of early modern encounters with Europeans.

HIS 343 Medieval Europe (3)
A survey of the cultural, social, economic, religious, and political developments in Europe from the fall of the Roman Empire to around 1400. Major themes include the emergence of medieval social and cultural institutions and modes of thought, as well as pre-Reformation Christian spirituality and religious reform movements. (Alternate years.)

HIS 344 History of India Before 1500 (3)
Through a combination of lectures, films and discussions this course explores the development of the Indus Valley cultures, the Vedic age, Hindu, Buddhistic, and Jaina worldviews, early kingdoms and empires, medieval state formations, Islamicate culture and Sultanic regimes. Major themes include questions of culture, exchange, state making, governance, and worldviews, which reveal the multilayered and complex character of the subcontinent's history - one that goes beyond simple labels of "Hindu" and "Muslim."

HIS 346 History of Modern India and Pakistan (3)
An examination of the broad contours of south Asian history after 1500 by considering the histories of those parts of the sub-continent covered by India and Pakistan (and by extension, Bangladesh). We will also make a brief detour through the Himalayan world by looking closely at the history Gorkha (present-day Nepal). Major themes include the Mughal Empire; European colonial interventions and indigenous responses expressed through reform, rebellion, and nationalism; the painful emergence of south Asian nations and their postcolonial predicaments. These themes will also intersect with the following concerns: Mughal state making, colonial governance and its forms of knowledge, subaltern histories, gender and caste studies, communalism, and discourses on development.

HIS 347 U. S. Urban History (3)
An interdisciplinary examination of American cities from the colonial era to the present. Addresses social, economic, political, and technological issues. Meets General Education Pluralism in Contemporary America requirement. (Alternate years)

HIS 348 Renaissance and Reformation Europe (3)
A survey of the social, cultural, intellectual, political, economic, and religious developments in Europe from the Later Middle Ages to 1648. Major themes include the Italian and Northern Renaissances, the Continental, English, and Catholic Reformations, and religious wars such as the Thirty Years War. Special attention will be given to the relationship between social change and shifts in European intellectual life and spirituality. Meets General Education European History requirement (Tier Two). (Alternate years)

HIS 349 Modern Civilizations of Asia (3)
A broad introduction to the historical transformations of government and society in Asia from the sixteenth century onward. Focusing on China, Japan, India, and southeast Asia, we explore a number of inter-related themes: the cultures of these regions, the different ways in which they were brought under the influence of western powers, and the subsequent transformations and adaptations these societies underwent. We will conclude by examining the sometimes-painful emergence of new nation states in Asia. Topics such as capitalism, cross-cultural encounter, resistance, governance, gender, social inequality, institutional change, nationalism, and revolution will form the critical focus of our study.

HIS 351 The Age of Monarchy: 17th- and 18th-Century Europe (3)
A study of European society, politics, and culture in the early modern period, from the age of Religious Wars through the American War of Independence and the French Revolution. Topics include the rise of modern nation-states, absolute monarchs, constitutional governments, the spread of printing, the Enlightenment and its critics, changing patterns and practices of daily life, traditional religion in an emerging scientific culture, and Europe's colonial settlements. (Alternate years)

HIS 352 Modern Europe: 1799-1918 (3)
A study of European society, politics, and culture from the Age of Napoleon through the First World War. Topics include the development of modern western ideologies such as nationalism, romanticism, liberalism, capitalism, socialism, and imperialism; political revolutions and reforms; industrialization, urbanization, and the new commodity culture; changing class, family, and gender relations; the cult of progress; and the status of religion in an age of doubt. (Alternate years)

HIS 353 Europe in the 20th Century (3)
A study of European society, politics, and culture from the Russian Revolution to the present day. Topics include the World Wars and the Holocaust; the disintegration of Europe's overseas empires; women's, students' and labor movements; changing family structures and social reforms; communism, the Cold War, and the collapse of the Soviet Union; European unification and the spread of democracy; ongoing ethnic and religious conflicts; and visions for the new millennium. (Alternate years)

HIS 354 Gandhi's India (1869-1948) (3)
An examination of the dominant themes of Indian history that unfolded during the lifetime of one of its greatest leaders, mahatma Gandhi. Major themes include: the life, teachings and political practices of the mahatma, his allies and detractors; the growth of Indian nationalism with all its internal tensions; the colonial state and its forms of knowledge; subaltern social movements; gender relations; elite and popular cultural expressions; communalism; the Partition (1947) and formation of Pakistan; the postcolonial Indian state; environmental histories; Indian diasporas; and the subcontinent's development regimes. (Alternate Years)

HIS 357 Colonial Encounters: European Imperialism and World Cultures (3)
A study of how Europeans' cross-cultural encounters have altered their perspectives on religion, race, ethnicity, social relations, politics, nationalism, and modernity. From the sixteenth through twentieth centuries, European demographic expansion, pursuit of natural resources, and "civilizing missions" transformed lands and people from Africa and Asia to the Americas. We will examine how European men and women perceived indigenous inhabitants and represented their experiences at missionary or trading outposts, in colonial settlements, and on the frontiers of empire. Students will become historian-observers of the cultural interactions between Europeans and native individuals and societies. Meets General Education Non-Western Studies requirement. (Alternate years)

HIS 359 Tudor-Stuart England: 1400-1700 (3)
An introduction to the history of England from the Later Middle Ages through the Tudor-Stuart era. Major themes include social, economic, and religious change and the ways in which those changes influenced politics and culture from the Wars of the Roses through the Elizabethan Age and the English Civil War. (Alternate Years)

HIS 360 Special Topics in History (3)
Selected topics related to a specific area of historical inquiry including American history, European history, non-Western history, and historiography.

HIS 361 Modern Britain (3)
A survey of British society, politics, and culture from the 18th century to the present day. Beginning with the unification of England, Wales, and Scotland in 1707, we shall examine how an island nation smaller than the state of Texas became the world's richest power and claimed dominion over one fifth of the world's population, and then began its 20th-century industrial decline. (Alternate years)

HIS 368 Modern Germany (3)
A survey of the emergence of the modern state of Germany from the aftermath of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) to the reunification of this nation in 1991. Major themes include the forces of nationalism, liberalism, and imperialism; the Nazi era and the subsequent rehabilitation of Germany within the Cold War and post-Cold War context. (Alternate years)

HIS 407 Social Studies Curriculum and Design
A seminar emphasizing disciplinary content issues that are specific to secondary school social studies teaching.  Areas of focus include curricular and instructional decision-making processes; classroom management strategies, assessment techniques, adaptations for exceptional learners; instructional technology applications; and professional development.  This course is designed specifically for History-Social Studies majors during their Professional Semester.

HIS 420 Historiography and Philosophy of History (3)
A study of the meaning and interpretation of history, with special attention to movements of historical thought and the historians who influenced those movements. This capstone course is designed specifically for senior History majors, History-Social Studies majors, and Humanities-History Concentration majors, and is offered every Fall semester.

HIS 491 Independent Study (1-3)
Independent study or research under the supervision of an instructor whose approval must precede the student's enrollment.

HIS 495 Internship in Historical Research (6-9)
Assignment under professional guidance in an archives or historical collection.

HIS 497, 498 Major Honors (6)
Independent research program for students who have strong academic records for a minimum of five previous semesters of collegiate study. History faculty approval required for enrollment.