Kathryn Whiteley, PhD

Dr. Kathryn WhiteleyAssistant Professor of Criminal Justice

Kathryn M. Whiteley, native of Australia was awarded a Masters of Communication (2000) in the Faculty of Business, School of Advertising, Marketing and Public Relations, and her Ph. D in Criminology (2012) in the Faculty of Law, School of Justice at Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane Australia.

Dr. Whiteley’s research has a focus upon female criminal offending. More specifically, she has examined homicide offending and recently sex offending perpetrated by females. As one who has studied and worked abroad, she is interested in international comparatives of violent female offenders. She is also interested in the models of Restorative Justice and Transformative Justice as alternatives to retribution and punishment approaches to offending.

Dr. Whiteley at present is engaged in two research projects. The first is a study she is conducting within a state correctional institution for women in Pennsylvania. She is researching women incarcerated for lengthy sentences for violent offending. The second study is examining a data base of women who are registered sex offenders. This research will seek to provide a comprehensive description of women who sexually offend in the state of Pennsylvania.

Dr. Whiteley volunteers as an Official Visitor for the Pennsylvania Prison Society. She also serves as a consultant for state agencies that work with female criminal populations and victim advocacy.


2013-2014 Classes 

CRIJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice
Evolution of the adult criminal justice system, primarily in the U.S., focus on Pennsylvania, with some attention to cross-cultural comparison and contrast; issues in defining “criminal” and “justice”; critical discussion of steps and processes in criminal justice system and various public demands for change.

CRIJ 201  Introduction to Law Enforcement
The course examines historical and contemporary practices and trends in law enforcement concerning the role of police personnel in relationship to community, courts, corrections, and constitutional limitations. The following aspects of the police occupation are discussed: necessary qualifications to become a police officer, recruitment process, job analysis, the selection methods, and the police training practices.

CRIJ 309 Juvenile Delinquency
This course will examine the sociological and criminological phenomena of juvenile delinquency and explore the historical development of the juvenile justice system. Students will gain a basic understanding of juvenile delinquency by analyzing the scope of the problem, interpreting theories of causation and resolution, and evaluating current programming in this field. 

CRIJ 366 Corrections, Incarceration, Probation and Parole
Evolution of and debates concerning community and non-community based correctional programs; relationships between correcting, reforming, rehabilitating, and punishing; tensions between protection of public safety and rights of the accused; evaluation of incarceration, probation, parole, diversion, alternate, and restorative justice programs; issues in “proactive” and “reactive” debate. 

CRIJ 375 Criminal Justice Theories
This course focuses on the causes and meaning of crime with emphasis on the sociological and criminological theories that explain causes of crime and solutions to criminal behavior. Particular emphasis will focus on Victimology and the criminal justice system to victims.

CRIJ 389 World Justice Systems
This course examines the criminal justice systems from different countries and cultural influences comparing and contrasting those systems with one another and with the criminal justice system in the United States. The focus is on the diversity of legal approaches and philosophies of justice that exist across the globe with special attention to the ways that culture, religion, politics, and economics influence social control. The course will also specifically integrate discussion and synthesis of how restorative justice fits into criminal justice around the globe.

SOAN 356 Social Inequality
An examination of the origins and structure of social inequality in contemporary society with a focus on systems of economic, gender, racial, and ethnic inequality. Students will be introduced to classical and contemporary theories of inequality and will examine the roles that both culture and social institutions play in perpetuating inequality in the United States and globally. In addition, students will be introduced to historical and contemporary movements to address inequality and promote social justice.


Kathryn Whiteley, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice

Messiah College
One College Ave. Suite 3057
Office #354
Mechanicsburg, PA 17055

(717) 766-2511 x2070

KWhiteley@messiah.edu