Stereum complicatum

Scientific name:  Stereum complicatum (Fries) Fries
Derivation of nameComplicatum means "folded back
on itself."  
Synonyms:  S. rameale
Common name(s):  Crowded parchment
Phylum:   Basidiomycota
Order:   Russulales
Family:   Stereaceae
Occurrence on wood substrate:  Saprobic; crowded on
dead twigs, branches, and stumps of deciduous trees; July
through January, overwinters. 
Dimensions: Shelf-like caps 0.3 to 1.5 cm wide.  
Sterile upper surface: The upper surface of these fan-
shaped or semicircular caps are orange-cinnamon to
reddish-brown, zoned, and silky-hairy. Caps often overlap
and are laterally fused.
Fertile lower surface: The smooth lower surface is orange,
fading to a cream color. Slight ridges occur where the caps
join.      
Edibility: Inedible.
Comments:
 This is a very common species. There are a
number of closely related Stereum species. Some species
"bleed" (e.g., S. gausapatum, figures 7,8) a red fluid when
cut or scratched, others do not. The variability among
these species is such that some mycologists group
Stereum hirsutum, Stereum complicatum, and even
Stereum gausapatum as varieties of a single species. The
web sites below explore some of the confusion regarding
the application of certain names to certain Stereum species.

More information at MushroomExpert.com:
More information at TomVolkFungi.net:


Figure 1. Crowded parchment on a dead tree.
Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 2. Note the zoned, fan-shaped basidiocarps. The
cap margins of this fungus are often lighter in color,
smooth and shiny. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 3. The fertile, smooth underside is visible on the
right compared to the sterile upper surface on the left.
Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 4. This log is almost completely covered by Stereum
complicatum.
Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 5. Colonies on a portion of the log in Figure 4. The
slight ridges (observed as darker lines between colonies) on
the fertile lower surfaces are regions where the separate
fruit bodies have fused laterally. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 6. This particular view of Stereum complicatum
shows the effused-reflexed growth habit of this fungus. Part
of the fungus is spread out flat (effused) against the substrate
and part forms shelf-like caps (reflexed portions) projecting
away from the substrate. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 7. Stereum gausapatum, one of the "bleeding"
Stereum species. See Figure 8. Photo © Rick van de Poll.


Figure 8. Close-up of a portion of Figure 7. Note the
blood-like latex on the scratched specimens to the right.
Photo © Rick van de Poll.

 

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