Xeromphalina campanella

Scientific name:  Xeromphalina campanella (Batsch)
Maire
Derivation of name:  Campan- means "bell" and ella is
diminutive. Campanella means "small bells."
Synonyms:  Omphalopsis campanella (Batsch) O. K.
Miller
Common name(s):  Fuzzy foot; Golden trumpets; Bell
Omphalina.
Phylum:   Basidiomycota
Order:   Agaricales
Family:   Mycenaceae
Occurrence on wood substrate:  Saprobic; in dense
clusters on decaying conifer wood; May through November.
Dimensions: Caps 0.3-2.5 cm wide; stipes 1-5 cm long and
0.5-3 mm thick.    
Cap:  Brownish-yellow to orange-yellow or yellowish,
darker in the depressed center; smooth; shiny; margin
striate.
Gills: Decurrent; with crossveins; pale yellow or orange.
Spore print: Buff or whitish.
Stipe: Yellowish at apex, reddish-brown toward base; base
covered with tuft of orange or tawny mycelium.
Veil: Absent.
Edibility: Inedible.
Comments:  Xeromphalina kauffmanii is nearly
identical but grows on hardwood. In the field, the two
species are difficult to distinguish if the identity of the
wood substrate is unknown.  

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Figure 1. Xeromphalina campanella growing on the
remains of a rotting hemlock stump. Photo © Gary
Emberger.


Figure 2. A common habitat of Xeromphalina campanella
is decaying, moss-covered wood. Photo © William Roody.


Figure 3.  The stipes are often curved away from the
substrate. Photo © Pam Kaminski.


Figure 4. Do they look like "little bells?"
Photo © Pam Kaminski.


Figure 5. A dense, cespitose cluster. Photo © Steve Nelsen.


Figure 6. The gills of Xeromphalina campanella are
decurrent and crossveined. Can you see the veinlike tissue
connecting one gill to another? Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 7. Stipes are yellowish at apex, reddish-brown
toward base; bases are covered with tufts of orangish
mycelium. Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 8. The tuft of tawny hairs (hyphae) at the base of the
stipe gives rise to the common name fuzzy foot.
Photo © Gary Emberger.

 

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