Mycorrhaphium adustum

Scientific name:  Mycorrhaphium adustum (Schweinitz)
Maas Geesteranus
Derivation of nameAdust- means "scorched" perhaps in
reference to the dark coloration that follows bruising or
develops with age.
Synonyms:  Steccerinum adustum (Schwein.) C.S. Bi &
Zheng
Common name(s): Kidney-shaped tooth.  
Phylum:   Basidiomycota
Order:   Polyporales
Family:   Steccherinaceae
Occurrence on wood substrate:  Saprobic; solitary or
grouped, sometimes fused together, sometimes in overlapping
clusters on dead deciduous wood, especially oak (Quercus);
July through November. 
Dimensions:  Caps 2.5-7.5 cm wide; stipes (when present)
are 2-3 cm long and 1-2 cm thick, lateral.  
Description:  The kidney-shaped to circular caps are white
when young and tan in age. Cap surfaces are minutely
velvety to glabrous and will bruise smoky-gray. Cap margins
are often black in age. Cap undersides are covered with
spines 1-3 mm long, fused, and appearing forked at their tips.
Spines are white at first, becoming pinkish-brown or purplish
and finally brown in age.      
Edibility: Inedible.
Comments:  Mycorrhaphium adustum looks like a polypore
or even a gilled mushroom until examined.

More information at MushroomExpert.com:  


Figure 1.   Underside (left) and upper surfaces (right) of
Mycorrhaphium adustum Photo © William Roody.
 

Figure 2. This view from the side shows the lateral stalks
which are often present. Photo © Steve Nelsen.


Figure 3. Mycorrhaphium adustum with a whitish cap.
Photo © Steve Nelsen.


Figure 4. Tan cap and spines of Mycorrhaphium adustum.
Photo © Steve Nelsen.


Figure 5. These specimens, collected during the 2005
NEMF foray, show a pinkish-brown spine surface and
faintly zonate markings on cap surface.
Photo © Gary Emberger.


Figure 6. The spines fuse together, except at the tips, giving
the tips a forked appearance. Photo © Gary Emberger.

 

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This page © 2008 by Gary Emberger, Messiah College