Click here to return to Messiah College's homepage

Self Help

Depression: What Does It Look Like?

 

sad girlGwen didn't know what was happening to her. Ordinarily an outgoing person, she had begun spending her free time alone in her room. Life seemed to provide no pleasure. Even food didn't taste as good as before. Se couldn't bring herself to study, and her grades were beginning to reflect it. Her friends were starting to worry about her. She always seemed to be sleeping, and when she was awake she seemed distant, humorless, aloof. Normally cheerful, she could be seen crying over "little things." At times, feelings of guilt would almost overwhelm her. For the first time in her life, Gwen was considering suicide. Gwen was suffering from a significant depression. At any point in time, ten percent of the adult population is suffering from serious depression.

Signs of Depression

 

The pits. The blues. The blahs. Down in the dumps. Each of us has his own way of describing a depressed mood. Depression may mean something different for each individual, but there are numerous signs that suggest a person has a problem with depression.

First, there are behavioral signs. Depressed individuals begin to withdraw from their friends and activities. Daily activities become difficult, sometimes impossible. They may begin to neglect their appearance, they may cry frequently, sometimes for no reason. They feel tired much of the time, and may start spending a large part of the day in bed.

Also noticeable are changes in internal feelings. The person feels sad, gloomy, apathetic. Life offers no pleasure. Common are feelings of self-blame, worthlessness, and hopelessness. Thoughts of suicide are not uncommon. Decisions, even minor ones, may be difficult to make.

Finally, there are physical symptoms characteristic of depression. A depressed individual often has headaches, digestive problems, and numerous aches and pains. Sleeping problems, especially early morning wakefulness, are common. The person may feel anxious and tense for no apparent reason. It is widely believed that a significant proportion of individuals consulting physicians with physical symptoms have an underlying depression.

Not all sadness is depression.  Many of the above mentioned signs are also characteristic of a transient "down mood" that persists for only a short time.  But depression, unlike transient sadness, tends to persist for a period of weeks or months, interferes with the person's ability to function in life in the way they need and want to, and seems unshakable to the person experiencing it.

 

To learn more about the causes of depression and what you can do to help yourself or a friend who is struggling with depression, check out the rest of our articles in our "Depression" resource area.

To learn from Messiah students who have struggled with depression read their Stories of Hope.

    To learn more, please browse our information on Depression: