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Building a healthy family requires effort and intentionality. But the effort is worthwhile since the quality of family relationships is known to affect personal health and well-being, the outcomes of children’s adult lives, work performance, financial soundness and stability, and to increase either the strength or the fragility of communities. Research reveals that strong families do the following:
The marriage is the foundation for a strong family. Marital satisfaction is strengthened when partners express a sense of personal responsibility for the success of the relationship and spend time alone together.
Members of strong families feel a sense of family identity and make their family a priority. Members are motivated to defend the unity and continuity of their family by investing energy to make relationships work and grow.
Frequent expressions of unconditional love are critical to family health. Satisfied couples maintain a five-to-one ratio of positive moments (e.g., mutual pleasure, passion, humor, support, kindness, generosity) to
negative moments (e.g., complaint, criticism, anger, disgust, contempt, defensiveness, coldness).
Sharing thoughts and feelings, discussing problems together, and carefully listening to one another are common among strong marriages and families. Messages are direct, consistent, and clear. When conflict arises, it is managed promptly and remains issue-focused. Positive communication leads to reconciliation, so members know how to forgive and be forgiven.
Strong families are not insulated from problems, but they are able to make the necessary adaptations to life’s vicissitudes. They effectively mobilize resources (e.g., social support, faith, communication skills) and try to formulate realistic perceptions of stressful events. Flexibility and adaptability are crucial in promoting family resilience during times of hardship.
Families are important agents in helping members develop a code of ethics for dealing with others, a reverence for life,
and a greater purpose for being. Shared spiritual convictions afford a sense of purpose, meaning, and connectedness among family members.
While there are many competing demands for time, strong families deliberately schedule time to engage in meaningful
and enjoyable activities with each other.
Traditions—particularly those which reflect cultural roots—shape family life, reveal the family’s identity, and tell the family’s story. Holiday rituals of tree decorating and food preparation, nighttime rituals of stories or prayers, and annual treks to a favorite destination are all ways in which families share meaning and memories together.
Strong relationships permit individual autonomy but foster emotional, physical, and spiritual closeness. The emotional
health of children is affected by the depth
of the emotional relationship between
In strong families, each member con-tributes fairly to the daily tasks of family
life and displays appreciation for the work that other family members do.
Raeann R. Hamon is interim dean of the School of Education and Social Sciences and distinguished professor of family science and gerontology. She and her husband, Jeff, who celebrated their twenty-fifth wedding anniversary this summer, have a 5-year-old daughter, Eliana Mae-Alejandra, who was adopted from Guatemala.
Erin Boyd-Soisson is an assistant professor of human development and family science. She and her husband, Tim, have been married for seven years and have two children, Shepard, 4, and Faith, 2.