Flammulina velutipes

Scientific name:   Flammulina velutipes (Curtis) Singer
Derivation of nameFlammulina means "very small
flame."  Velut- means "velvet" or "velvety" and refers to
the velvety stipe.
Synonyms:  Agaricus velutipes Curtis; Collybia velutipes
(Curtis) P. Kumm.
Common name(s):  Velvet foot; Winter mushroom.
Phylum:   Basidiomycota
Order:   Agaricales
Family:   Physalacriaceae
Occurrence on wood substrate:  Saprobic; fruiting in
clusters on deciduous trees, logs, and stumps; October
through May, winter during winter thaws, summer cold
Dimensions:  Caps 2.5-5 cm wide; stipes 2.5-7.5 cm long
and 3-5 mm thick.   
Cap:  Slimy to tacky; smooth; reddish-brown to tawny,
darker in the center.        
Gills:  Attached; whitish to yellowish.
Spore print: White.
Stipe: Yellowish at the top, becoming darker toward the
base due to dense, velvet-brown pubescence.
Veil: Absent.
Edibility: Edible.
Comments: This mushroom is cultivated in the Orient as
Enotake or Enoki-take. The commercial product is
strikingly different than the form found in the wild.

More information at MushroomExpert.com:
More information at TomVolkFungi.net:

Figure 1.  A cluster of Flammulina velutipes on wood.
Even in this photograph the caps look sticky. Note the
dark velvety lower stipes. Photo © Pam Kaminski.

Figure 2. Compared to the specimens in Figure 1, the caps
of this cluster are much lighter in color.
Photo © William Roody.

Figure 3. The gills of Flammulina velutipes are whitish
to yellowish. Photo © Al Simpson.

Figure 4. A tight cluster of young specimens of Flammulina
. The glistening caps are slimy or tacky.
Photo © George Morrison.

Figure 5. This is the same cluster of specimens as in Figure 4.
The young gills are quite white and the stipes have not yet
developed the characteristic velvety-brown pubescence of the
species. Photo © George Morrison.

Figure 6. Enotake or Enoki-take. Photo © Gary Emberger.

Figure 7. Enoki package of Figure 4 opened. I bet you're
wondering why the cultivated form looks so different. The
answer is available at Tom Volk's web site.
Photo © Gary Emberger.

Figure 8. Commercial Enoki caps and gills.
Photo © Gary Emberger.

Figure 9. The pale, elongated Enoki-like specimens of
Flammulina velutipes in the bottom half of the photograph
were revealed when the bark they were growing under was
removed. Photo © Cecily Franklin.


Home | Shape key | Glossary

This page © 2008 by Gary Emberger, Messiah University