Pholiota squarrosoides

Scientific name:  Pholiota squarrosoides (Peck) Sacc.
Derivation of name:  Oides means "similar to" or
"resembling." In this case, Pholiota squarrosoides resembles
Pholiota squarrosa.
Synonym:  Agaricus squarrosoides Peck
Common name(s):  Scaly Pholiota; Sharp-scaly Pholiota.
Phylum:   Basidiomycota
Order:   Agaricales
Family:   Strophariaceae
Occurrence on wood substrate:  Saprobic and parasitic;
typically in cespitose clusters on living and dead deciduous
wood; September through October. 
Dimensions:  Caps 2.5-10 cm wide; stipes 5-15 cm long
and 5-15 mm thick.   
Cap:  Sticky to viscid; whitish at first, becoming cinnamon-
buff; covered with erect (or downcurled) and pointed tawny
Gills: Attached; pale yellow at first, becoming brownish as
the spores mature.
Spore print: Brown.
Stipe: Dry; buff; covered with tawny scales below ring, white
and smooth above ring.
Veil: Off-white partial veil leaving fibrous or membranous,
often evanescent ring on upper stalk.
Edibility: Although some people eat it, it is not
recommended as there are reports of gastric upset following
Comments:  This species causes a heartrot of living trees.
Michael Kuo makes the point in his website
below that there is usually enough uncertainty due to age,
variable and overlapping traits, and weather conditions,
that microscopic analysis may be required to confirm
identifications for this and most Pholiota species.

More information at   
More information at

Figure 1. Cespitose clusters of Pholiota squarrosoides
growing on dead wood at Goose Island, Wisconsin.
Photo © Gary Emberger.

Figure 2. Note the ring remnants on the cap margin and the
ring on the upper stipe. Photo © Gary Emberger.

Figure 3. Note the prominent scales and the partial veil
covering the gills in the young specimens. Photo © William



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