The following sources were consulted in the development of this web site. Many of the species included on my web site are linked to descriptions on the web sites of Tom Volk and/or Michael Kuo.

In print:

Arora, D. 1986. Mushrooms Demystified, second edition. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, California.

Baroni, T. J. 2017. Mushrooms of the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada. Timber Press, Oregon.

Barron, G. 1999. Mushrooms of Northeast North America. Lone Pine Publishing.

Bessette, A. E., A. R. Bessette, & D. W. Fischer. 1997. Mushrooms of Northeastern North America. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York.

Boulet, B. 2003. Les champignons des arbres. Les Publications du Quebec, Sainte-Foy, Quebec.

Burdsall, H. H. Jr. & M. T. Banik. 2001. The Genus Laetiporus in North America. Harvard Papers in Botany 6(1), 43-55.

Davis, D. D. & R. A. Pursell. 2006. Mosses and Liverworts Growing on the Mossy Cap Polypore (Oxyporus populinus).
Evansia 23(4), 87-91.

Denison, W.C. 1959. Some Species of the Genus Scutellinia. Mycologia 51(5), 605-635.

Ellis, M.B. & J. P. Ellis. 1990. Fungi without Gills. Chapman and Hall, London, Great Britain.

Fergus,C.L. 1960. Illustrated Genera of Wood Decay Fungi. Burgess Publishing Company, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Geml, J., D. D. Davis, & D. M. Geiser. 2005. Systematics of the genus Sphaerobolus based on molecular and morphological data, with the description of Sphaerobolus ingoldii sp. nov. Mycologia 97(3), 680-694.

Gilbertson, R.L.& L. Ryvarden. 1986. North American Polypores, Volume I. Fungiflora, Oslo, Norway

Gilbertson, R.L.& L. Ryvarden. 1987. North American Polypores, Volume II. Fungiflora, Oslo, Norway.

Ginns, J & M.N.L. Lefebvre. 1993. Lignicolous Corticoid Fungi of North America. Mycological Memoir No. 19. APS Press, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi, 9th edition. CABI Bioscience.

Light,W. 2009. Clarification of the Nomenclatural Confusion of the Genus Sparassis [Polyporales: Sparassidaceae] in North America. Fungi 2:10-15.

Lincoff, G. H. 1981. National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Marrone, T. & W. Sturgeon. 2016. Mushrooms of the Northeast. Adventure Publications, Cambridge, Minnesota.

Miller, O. K. & H. H. Miller. 2006. North American Mushrooms, A Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Globe Pequot Press.

Overholts, L. O. 1967. The Polyporaceae of the United States, Alaska, and Canada. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.

Redhead, S. A. 1986. Mycological observations 15-16: On Omphalia and Pleurotus. Mycologia 78(4), 522-528.

Redhead, S. A., R. Vilgalys, J.-M. Moncalvo, J. Johnson & J S. Hopple, Jr.  2001. Coprinus Pers. and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato. Taxon 50: 203-241.

Roody, W. C. 2003. Mushrooms of West Virginia and the Central Appalachians. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

Sturgeon, W. E. 2018. Appalachian Mushroom, a Field Guide. Ohio University Press, Athens.

Web sites: is the web site of Dr. Michael Kuo. is the web site of Dr. Tom Volk. This site can also be accessed via

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